Inkspot Interview

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Charles Ghigna - Father Goose® lives in a tree house in the middle of Alabama.
He is the author of more than 5,000 poems and 100 award-winning books from
Random House, Disney-Hyperion, Time Inc., Scholastic, Simon & Schuster,
Capstone, Boyds Mills, Abrams, Orca, Charlesbridge and other publishers.

Do you have any advice on how to make the poem interesting or exciting enough to hold the child's attention?

The "voice" of the poem is one of the most important elements that is often overlooked. Instead of thinking about the process as writing for children, think of it as writing from the child in you. Let the child speak. If the child honestly and imaginatively speaks the truth, other children will listen.


What is the most important thing, in your evaluation, that kids get from your poems? Do you aim at certain goals, or do they "just happen" inherently in your writing?

I hope my poems offer children the opportunity to explore and celebrate the joys of childhood and nature, and to see some of the wondrous ironies all around them. I also hope my humorous poems tickle the funny bone of their imaginations. I usually do not sit down to write a poem with a preconceived "goal." I like to enter each poem with a sense of wonderment and discovery. My favorite poems are those that contain little surprises that I did not know were there until I wrote them.


How did a serious poet like yourself decide to write for children? And, was the transition a difficult one?

I first began writing poems for children just before my son was born. It was an amazingly natural transition for me. Most of my adult poems are written in free verse while most my poems for children are written in traditional verse forms such as the ballad stanza and rhymed couplets with set patterns of rhythm and meter throughout each poem. I enjoy the lyrical lift those patterns provide my poems and the challenge of using words my younger audiences enjoy. It is also a joy to explore a subject through the eyes of a child, a technique inherent in poems for any age.


What is your opinion on unpublished children's authors submitting material to magazines that pay in copies only?

I do not know of any children's magazines that do not pay their authors. However, I do know of a number of adult magazines that pay only in contributors' copies. If you like what you read in the magazine and would be proud to have your work appear in it, that magazine may be just the right place to start.

How can I possibly stop writer's block from preventing me from writing?

I have been writing on a daily basis for more than 25 years and have yet to experience writer's block. My guess is that it's more of an attitude than a condition. I do know that it is difficult for me to write when I am stressed. Take a walk, read, listen to music or soak in a bath for a while. Perhaps that will get you going again. Till then, here's a little poem for you.



I'm sure through your many writing achievements and numerous awards that you certainly feel the acceptance and embrace of the public. When did you first feel that embrace and acceptance, and how did it affect you?

I first felt that "embrace and acceptance" when a poem of mine was published in Harper's magazine in September 1974. Before that poem was published, I knew I would continue writing even if no one ever read my poems. I still believe that today. The credibility and confidence that comes from publication are frail and fleeting. The desire to get up and put words on the page or screen every day comes not from what others say of your work, but from you and the voice inside.


I've been scanning the Internet for advice for new children's writers. I know that occasionally a publisher will have the author send a query letter before submitting a manuscript, and that a cover letter should accompany the manuscript when it is sent. But there is one item I cannot seem to locate anywhere: where can one find a model for such query and cover letters?

After meticulously conforming to manuscript submission guidelines, I would hate to have my work rejected for something as trivial as a bad cover letter. Advice? Check THE WRITER'S DIGEST GUIDE TO MANUSCRIPT FORMATS published by Writer's Digest Books. It contains models of query and cover letters, as well as advice on how to prepare and present book manuscripts.


I have a question for you, well maybe two. I have heard it is very difficult to break the barrier between writer and author, especially in children's fiction books. What is the secret in becoming published? There must be a way to cut the odds down a bit? Also what is so wrong with multiple submissions? I am a first time writer with not much patience. I have the urge to send my manuscript to as many publishers as I can afford to buy stamps for. I don't want to be old and gray before my first book is published.

I'm not aware of any magic short-cuts to becoming a published author. Most published authors have been writing for many years before their first publication. My first published efforts appeared in the children's magazines. I then used those tearsheets to showcase my work to book publishers. Most publishers prefer that you do not send out multiple submissions. Editors do not like to spend a good deal of their time helping an author develop a manuscript, getting it approved by their staff and their marketing department only to discover that the author has already signed a contract with another publisher. "Patience is a virtue" also applies to the writing profession. Have fun with your writing. Make it the best you can. Send it out and begin working on your next manuscript. Concentrate on your writing instead of the speed with which you may or may not get a reply.



Of all the books you have written, which one is your favorite? Does your son Chip enjoy your books and if so, which one is his favorite and what age is he?


It has often been said that an author's books are like his/her "children." It would be difficult for a parent to say which one of their children they like the best. My eight-year-old son Chip tells me his favorite book is TICKLE DAY: POEMS FROM FATHER GOOSE. I like that one too. Which one is your favorite?


I like to write. I like to rhyme.
But it is hard to find the time.
I'd like to hear just what it took
For you to publish your first book.

My first children's book was published after writing every day for more than twenty years. I used to be a full-time high school English teacher. Late in the evening after I graded my students' essays and felt as though I couldn't read another word, I would get out my journal and write -- every night. When my first book was finally published my friends thought I had become an overnight success. My family knew that was true. I was a twenty-year overnight success.

What are you currently working on?

Besides writing Snickers every day for my column (and building a treehouse for my son), I'm working on four new books of verse for children, three Step-Into-Reading books, a collection of poems for adults, and a novel/screenplay.


Is it harder to write rhymes than straight prose? Why or why not?

Most people tell me it's harder for them to write poetry than it is to write prose. For me it's just the opposite. Working on my novel is one of the most challenging, frustrating, rewarding experiences I've had as a writer. Poetry, on the other hand, has always been the more natural choice for me. From the time I first started writing poems in school, poetry just seemed the perfect little package of words I needed to express whatever I wanted to say. There's something about the poem that lets us look a little closer at what we want to say, that allows us to choose just the right words in just the right order, and to say it all as succinctly as possible.


What is your writing routine?

I'm usually upstairs at my desk every weekday from 9 am to 5 or 6 pm. Sometimes I also write late into the evening. Of course I also take short breaks during the day to jog, eat lunch, and play with my family. I also spend a lot of time looking out the window.

You can reach Father Goose at